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  • Arthritis of the ShoulderArthritis of the Shoulder

    The term arthritis literally means inflammation of a joint but is generally used to describe any condition in which there is damage to the cartilage.

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  • Rotator Cuff TearRotator Cuff Tear

    A rotator cuff is a group of tendons in the shoulder joint that provides support and enables a wide range of motion.

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  • Shoulder Labral TearShoulder Labral Tear

    Traumatic injury to the shoulder or overuse of the shoulder (throwing, weightlifting) may cause the labrum to tear. In addition, aging may weaken the labrum leading to injury.

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  • Shoulder DislocationShoulder Dislocation

    Sports that involve overhead movements and repeated use of the shoulder at your workplace may lead to sliding of the upper arm bone from the glenoid. The dislocation might be a partial dislocation (subluxation) or a complete dislocation causing pain and shoulder joint instability.

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  • Shoulder PainShoulder Pain

    Pain in the shoulder may suggest an injury, which is more common in athletes participating in sports such as swimming, tennis, pitching, and weightlifting.

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  • Shoulder FractureShoulder Pain

    A break in a bone that makes up the shoulder joint is called a shoulder fracture.

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  • Frozen ShoulderFrozen Shoulder

    Frozen shoulder, also called adhesive capsulitis, is a condition in which you experience pain and stiffness in your shoulder. The symptoms appear slowly, worsen gradually and usually take one to three years to resolve on their own.

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  • Shoulder InstabilityShoulder Instability

    Shoulder instability is a chronic condition that causes frequent dislocation of the shoulder joint.

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  • Shoulder TraumaShoulder Trauma

    Shoulder injuries most commonly occur in athletes participating in sports such as swimming, tennis, pitching, and weightlifting. The injuries are caused due to the over usage or repetitive motion of the arms.

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  • Shoulder Ligament InjuriesShoulder Ligament Injuries

    Shoulder ligament injuries are injuries to the tough elastic tissues present around the shoulder that connect bones to each other and stabilize the joint.

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  • Baseball and Shoulder InjuriesBaseball and Shoulder Injuries

    Shoulder injuries in baseball players are usually associated with pitching. While this overhand throwing activity can produce great speed and distance for the ball, when performed repeatedly, can place a lot of stress on the shoulder. While pitching, the arm is thrown outward and backward to generate speed.

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  • Throwing Injuries of the ShoulderThrowing Injuries of the Shoulder

    Throwing injuries of the shoulder are injuries sustained as a result of trauma by athletes during sports activities that involve repetitive overhand motions of the arm as in baseball, American football, volleyball, rugby, tennis, track and field events, etc.

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  • SLAP TearsSLAP Tears

    The term SLAP (superior –labrum anterior-posterior) lesion or SLAP tear refers to an injury of the superior labrum of the shoulder.

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  • Shoulder ImpingementShoulder Impingement

    Shoulder impingement is the inflammation of the tendons of the shoulder joint. It is one of the most common causes of pain in the shoulder. Shoulder impingement is also called swimmer’s shoulder, tennis shoulder or rotator cuff tendinitis.

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  • SubluxationSubluxation

    The shoulder is a highly mobile ball and socket joint. The ball of the upper arm bone (humerus) is held in place at the socket (glenoid) of the shoulder blade (scapula) by a group of ligaments. A partial dislocation of the shoulder joint is termed as a subluxation. This means the ball has partially moved out of the glenoid as opposed to a dislocation, where the ball completely moves out of the glenoid.

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  • Overhead Athlete's ShoulderOverhead Athlete's Shoulder

    An overhead athlete is at increased risk of injury due to the mechanism associated with rapid shoulder elevation, external rotation, and abduction.

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  • Little League ShoulderLittle League Shoulder

    Little league shoulder is an injury to the growth plate of the upper arm bone at the shoulder joint of children. It is an overuse injury caused by repeated pitching or throwing, especially in children between the ages of 10 to 15 years.

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  • Calcification TendinitisCalcification Tendinitis

    Calcification tendinitis is a problem with the shoulder’s tendons and muscles. This condition occurs due to the formation of calcium deposits in the tendons (tissue which attaches muscle to bone) of the rotator cuff (a group of muscles and tendons stabilizing the shoulder).

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  • AC Joint Dislocation/Acromioclavicular Joint DislocationAC Joint Dislocation/Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation

    A dislocation occurs when the ends of your bones are partially or completely moved out of their normal position in a joint. A partial dislocation is referred to as a subluxation, whereas a complete separation is referred to as a dislocation.

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  • Sternoclavicular Joint InjurySternoclavicular Joint Injury

    The sternoclavicular joint, commonly called the SC joint, is located between the breastbone (sternum) and the collarbone (clavicle).

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  • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
  • The Arthroscopy Association of North America
  • American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
  • MedStar Union Memorial Hospital
  • University of Toledo
  • Holston Medical Group
  • Ruth Jackson Orthopedic Society
  • East Tennessee State University
  • Christian Medical and Dental Society
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